According to the Trinity doctrine, the holy spirit is the third person of a
So is the Holy Spirit a third personage? Lets take a look at how the
Bible describes the Holy Spirit and answer this question.
The word most frequently used for "spirit" is ru'ach,
meaning "breath; wind; spirit." In the Greek Scriptures, the word is pneu'ma,
having a similar meaning.
spirit7307 = rûach roo'-akh From H7306;
wind; by resemblance breath, that is, a sensible (or even violent)
exhalation; figuratively life, anger, unsubstantiality; by
extension a region of the sky; by resemblance spirit, but only of
a rational being (including its expression and functions): - air, anger, blast,
breath, X cool, courage, mind, X quarter, X side, spirit ([-ual]), tempest, X
vain, ([whirl-]) wind (-y).
spirit4151 = pnyoo'-mah From G4154; a current
of air, that is, breath (blast) or a breeze; by analogy or
figuratively a spirit, that is, (human) the rational soul, (by
implication) vitalprinciple, mental disposition, etc., or
(superhuman) an angel, daemon, or (divine) God, Christís spirit,
the Holy spirit: - ghost, life, spirit (-ual, -ually), mind.
comes1607 = ek-por-yoo'-om-ahee From
G1537 and G4198; to depart, bedischarged, proceed, project:
- come (forth, out of), depart, go (forth, out), issue, proceed (out of).
Genesis 1:2 " Then the spirit7307 of God stirred
upon the face of the waters. "
Exodus 31:3 & 35:31 " ... And I have filled him with the
spirit7307 of God "
Numbers 11:17 & 11:25 When 70 men were appointed to help Moses,
God said to him: "And I will take of the spirit7307 that is
upon you, and put it upon them..."
Numbers 11:29 " And Moses said unto him, Enviest thou for my
sake? would God that all the Lord's people were
prophets, and that the Lord would put his spirit7307 upon them!
Judges 3:10 " And the spirit7307 of the Lord flowed
upon him and he judged Israel. "
Judges 6:34 " But the spirit7307 of the Lord fell on
Judges 11:29 " And then the spirit7307 of the Lord
fell on Jephthah, "
Judges 13:25 " And the spirit7307 of the Lord began
to move him at times in the camp of Dan between Zorah and Eshtaol. "
1 Samuel 16:13-14 " and the spirit7307 of the Lord
was on David from that day on... and the spirit7307 of the Lord
passed away from Saul, "
2 Chronicles 15:1 " And the spirit7307 of God came
upon Azariah the son of Oded: "
Job 33:4 " The spirit7307 of God hath made me, and
the breath of the Almighty hath given me life. "
Psalms 51:10-11 " Create within me a clean heart 0 God, and
restore a proper spirit7307 within me. Restore to me the joy of
your salvation, and support me with your generous spirit7307.
Proverbs 1:23 " I will pour out my spirit7307 unto
Ecclesiastes 8:8 " There is no man that hath power over the
spirit7307 to retain the spirit7307; neither hath he
power in the day of death: and there is no discharge in that war; neither
shall wickedness deliver those that are given to it. "
Isaiah 11:2 " And the spirit7307 of the Lord will
lie upon him, the spirit7307 of wisdom and understanding, the
spirit7307of counsel, and strength, of knowledge, and of fear of
the Lord. "
Isaiah 40:7 " The grass withereth, the flower fadeth: because
the spirit7307 of the Lord bloweth upon it: surely the people
is grass. "
Isaiah 61:1 " The spirit7307 of the Lord God is upon
me; because the Lord hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek; he
hath sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the
captives, and the opening of the prison to them that are bound; "
Ezekiel 2:2 " And the spirit7307 entered into me
when he spake unto me, and set me upon my feet, that I heard him that spake
unto me. "
Daniel 4:8-9 " But at the last Daniel came in before me, whose
name was Belteshazzar, according to the name of my god, and in whom is the
spirit7308 of the holy gods:... O Belteshazzar, master of the
magicians, because I know that the spirit7308 of the holy gods is
in thee, and no secret troubleth thee, tell me the visions of my dream
that I have seen, and the interpretation thereof. "
Joel 2:28-29 " ... I will pour out my spirit7307
upon all flesh "
Matthew 3:16 " And whenJesus was baptized and came up
out of the water, the spirit4151 of God descended from the sky like
a dove and landed upon him. "
Matthew 10:19-20 "But when they deliver
you up take no thought how or what ye shall speak: for it shall be given you
in that same hour what ye shall speak For it is not ye that speak, but the Spirit4151 of your Father
which speaketh in you."
Matthew 12:30-32 "He that is not with me is against me; and he that gathereth not with me scattereth abroad. Wherefore I say unto you, All manner of sin and blasphemy shall be forgiven unto men: but the blasphemy against the Holy Ghost shall not be forgiven unto men. And whosoever speaketh a word against the Son of man, it shall be forgiven him: but whosoever speaketh against the Holy Ghost, it shall not be forgiven him, neither in this world, neither in the world to come."
In context to Mathew 12, the people had just witnessed Christ performing a
miracle through the power of the holy spirit of God by removing a demon from a
man, but the Pharisees attributed it to the powers of Satan. Christ explained
this could only be done by the spirit of God, but they refused to accept it.
It points out that the rejection of the work of God's holy spirit prevents it
working in our lives to fully know and accepting our Lord.
Mark 1:10 " And immediately upon coming up from the water, the
sky opened and the spirit4151 fell upon him like a dove. "
Luke 3:22 " And the Holy40 Ghost4151,
having the form of a dove, descended upon him. "
Luke 4:1 " Then Jesus being full of the Holy40 Ghost4151
returned from Jordan. "
John 3:5 " And Jesus said to them, Except that a man be born of
water, and of the spirit4151, he cannot enter into the kingdom.
John 4:24 " God is a spirit4151, and they that
worship him must worship him in spirit4151 and truth. "
John 6:63 " It is the spirit4151 that enlivens, for
flesh profits nothing. The words that I speak to you are spirit4151,
and are life. "
John 7:37-39 " Should any man thirst, let him come to me and
drink. For he that believes on me, as the scripture says, out his belly will
flow rivers of living water, now he spoke of the spirit4151, which
they that believe on him would receive, for the Holy40 Ghost4151
had not yet been given because Jesus had not yet been glorified. "
John 14:17 " The spirit4151 of truth of whom the
world cannot receive because it does not seek him or knows him. But you know
him because he dwells with you, and will be in you. "
John 15:26 " And when the comforter has come, whom I will send
to you from the father, the spirit4151 of truth, which comes1607
from the father, he will testify of me. "
Acts 2:3-4 " And it appeared to them as divided tongues of
fire, landing upon each of them. And they were all filled with the Holy40
Acts 2:38 " All of you repent and be baptized in the name of
Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of sin, and you will receive the gift of the
Holy40 Ghost4151. "
Acts 5:32 " The Holy40 Ghost4151 is given
to them that obey God. "
Acts 10:44-45 " The Holy40 Ghost4151 fell
on all that heard the word ... because also on the Gentiles was the gift of
the Holy40 Ghost4151 poured out. "
Romans 8:9-17 " But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit,4151
if so be that the Spirit4151 of God dwell in you. Now if any man
have not the Spirit 4151of Christ, he is none of his. And if Christ
be in you, the body is dead because of sin; but the Spirit4151is life because of righteousness. But if the Spirit4151 of
him that raised up Jesus from the dead dwell in you, he that raised up Christ
from the dead shall also quicken your mortal bodies by his Spirit4151
that dwelleth in you. Therefore, brethren, we are debtors, not to the flesh,
to live after the flesh. For if ye live after the flesh, ye shall die: but if
ye through the Spirit4151 do mortify the deeds of the body, ye
shall live. For as many as are led by the Spirit4151 of God, they
are the sons of God. For ye have not received the spirit4151 of
bondage again to fear; but ye have received the Spirit4151 of
adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father. The Spirit4151 itself
beareth witness with our spirit,4151 that we are the children of
God: And if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ;
if so be that we suffer with him, that we may be also glorified
"The Spirit of Christ", does this now mean there is a fourth
1 Corinthians 2:10 " God has revealed to us through his spirit4151
1 Corinthians 6:19 " Do you not know that your body is the
temple of the Holy40 Ghost4151 in you, which is of God,
2 Corinthians 13:14 " and the communion of the Holy40
Ghost4151 be with you. "
Galatians 5:22-23 " The fruit of the spirit4151 is
love, joy, peace, endurance, gentleness, faith, meekness, and soberness.
1 John 3:24 " And he that keepeth his commandments dwelleth in
him, and he in him.846 And hereby we know that he abideth in us, by the
Spirit4151 which he hath given us. "
In Matthew 1:20 "Do not be afraid to take to you Mary your wife,
for that which is conceived in her is of the holy spirit." Clearly Christ
was conceived by the holy spirit, yet Christ called God his father and not the
holy spirit. This alone should make it clear that the holy spirit is no more
than a power of God, else Christ would have called the holy spirit his
It is the act of our repentance, and then being baptized that opens our body
to the reception of the spirit to dwell within us. Though it is possible to
receive the spirit before baptism, Acts 10:47-48, baptism is still
necessary as a part of repentance.
The spirit actually resides within the body when accepted. The spirit
of God dwelling within one is what makes ones body a temple of God.
There are three things that bear witness to Christ, 1 John 5:7,
the water of baptism, the blood on the cross, and the spirit of God.
But at some point during the fourth century the Church of Rome added
the following verse to 1 John 5:7-8 "in heaven, the Father, the
word, and the Holy Ghost, and these three are one. And there are three that bear
witness in earth" this was done due to the controversy brewing at the
time of whether or not the spirit was a third personage. Some Bibles have
deleted this while others have not.
The spirit acts as a comforter in that it increases our faith and
knowledge of God, and his plan for his people.
Reading through these verses it should become clear that the spirit is
an energy force that flows out from God in what is usually a positive way. It is
a force that flows out from God and into his people, instilling wisdom and
understanding, increasing faith and strength. It works within remolding our
human spirit into godly spirit.
Nowhere in the Old Testament do we find any clear indication of a Third
Person, only given attributes as to the working characters it possesses which in
themselves do not make it a being.
The spirit is a free gift, offered generously through Gods love, but given
only to those that seek it.