Capturing someone to be a slave was, and is, not permissible
among God's people, and if caught doing so was a death sentence. A Slaves
taken without his consent, and is forced to work for that person without pay.
You could how ever buy bondmen, or bondmaids, but
they had to be heathen, or not of ones own people and where considered ones
possession, but there there still where rules as to how they were to be treated.
There was a difference between being a slave, and a manservant, or a
maidservant, servants where paid or paying off a debt, and were to be released
at some point in time. The servitude was usually of consent, and if not, for a
specific time frame not to exceed 6 years to pay off one debt.
Exodus 20:10 "But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy
God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter,
thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is
within thy gates:"
Exodus 20:17 "Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's house, thou
shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant,
nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour's."
Exodus 21:2-11 "If thou buy an Hebrew servant, six years he
shall serve: and in the seventh he shall go out free for nothing. If he came
in by himself, he shall go out by himself: if he were married, then his wife
shall go out with him. If his master have given him a wife, and she have born
him sons or daughters; the wife and her children shall be her master's, and he
shall go out by himself. And if the servant shall plainly say, I love my
master, my wife, and my children; I will not go out free: Then his master
shall bring him unto the judges; he shall also bring him to the door, or unto
the door post; and his master shall bore his ear through with an aul; and he
shall serve him for ever. And if a man sell his daughter to be a maidservant,
she shall not go out as the menservants do. If she please not her master, who
hath betrothed her to himself, then shall he let her be redeemed: to sell her
unto a strange nation he shall have no power, seeing he hath dealt deceitfully
with her. And if he have betrothed her unto his son, he shall deal with her
after the manner of daughters. If he take him another wife; her food, her
raiment, and her duty of marriage, shall he not diminish. And if he do not
these three unto her, then shall she go out free without money."
Exodus 21:27 "And if he smite out his manservant's tooth, or
his maidservant's tooth; he shall let him go free for his tooth's sake."
Exodus 21:32 "If the ox shall push a manservant or a
maidservant; he shall give unto their master thirty shekels of silver, and the
ox shall be stoned."
Leviticus 25:39-55 "And if thy
brother that dwelleth by thee be waxen poor, and be sold unto thee; thou shalt
not compel him to serve as a bondservant: But as an hired servant, and as a
sojourner, he shall be with thee, and shall serve thee unto the year of jubile:
And then shall he depart from thee, both he and his children with him, and
shall return unto his own family, and unto the possession of his fathers shall
he return. For they are my servants, which I brought forth out of the land of
Egypt: they shall not be sold as bondmen. Thou shalt not rule over him with
rigour; but shalt fear thy God.
Both thy bondmen, and thy bondmaids, which
thou shalt have, shall be of the heathen that are round about you; of them
shall ye buy bondmen and bondmaids. Moreover of the children of the strangers
that do sojourn among you, of them shall ye buy, and of their families that
are with you, which they begat in your land: and they shall be your
possession. And ye shall take them as an inheritance for your children after
you, to inherit them for a possession; they shall be your bondmen for ever:
but over your brethren the children of Israel, ye shall not rule one over
another with rigour.
And if a sojourner or stranger wax rich by
thee, and thy brother that dwelleth by him wax poor, and sell himself unto the
stranger or sojourner by thee, or to the stock of the stranger's family: After
that he is sold he may be redeemed again; one of his brethren may redeem him:
Either his uncle, or his uncle's son, may redeem him, or any that is nigh of
kin unto him of his family may redeem him; or if he be able, he may redeem
himself. And he shall reckon with him that bought him from the year that he
was sold to him unto the year of jubile: and the price of his sale shall be
according unto the number of years, according to the time of an hired servant
shall it be with him. If there be yet many years behind, according unto them
he shall give again the price of his redemption out of the money that he was
bought for. And if there remain but few years unto the year of jubile, then he
shall count with him, and according unto his years shall he give him again the
price of his redemption. And as a yearly hired servant shall he be with him:
and the other shall not rule with rigour over him in thy sight. And if he be
not redeemed in these years, then he shall go out in the year of jubile, both
he, and his children with him. For unto me the children of Israel are
servants; they are my servants whom I brought forth out of the land of Egypt:
I am the LORD your God."
Deuteronomy 5:14 "But the seventh day is the sabbath of the
LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy
daughter, nor thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thine ox, nor thine
ass, nor any of thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates; that
thy manservant and thy maidservant may rest as well as thou."
Deuteronomy 5:21 "Neither shalt thou desire thy neighbour's
wife, neither shalt thou covet thy neighbour's house, his field, or his
manservant, or his maidservant, his ox, or his ass, or any thing that is thy
Deuteronomy 12:12-18 "And if thy brother, an Hebrew man, or an
Hebrew woman, be sold unto thee, and serve thee six years; then in the seventh
year thou shalt let him go free from thee. And when thou sendest him out free
from thee, thou shalt not let him go away empty: Thou shalt furnish him
liberally out of thy flock, and out of thy floor, and out of thy winepress: of
that wherewith the LORD thy God hath blessed thee thou shalt give unto him.
And thou shalt remember that thou wast a bondman in the land of Egypt, and the
LORD thy God redeemed thee: therefore I command thee this thing to day. And it
shall be, if he say unto thee, I will not go away from thee; because he loveth
thee and thine house, because he is well with thee; Then thou shalt take an
aul, and thrust it through his ear unto the door, and he shall be thy servant
for ever. And also unto thy maidservant thou shalt do likewise. It shall not
seem hard unto thee, when thou sendest him away free from thee; for he hath
been worth a double hired servant to thee, in serving thee six years: and the
LORD thy God shall bless thee in all that thou doest."
Deuteronomy 15:17 "Then thou shalt take an aul, and thrust it
through his ear unto the door, and he shall be thy servant for ever. And also
unto thy maidservant thou shalt do likewise."
Deuteronomy 16:11 "And thou shalt rejoice before the LORD thy
God, thou, and thy son, and thy daughter, and thy manservant, and thy
maidservant, and the Levite that is within thy gates, and the stranger, and
the fatherless, and the widow, that are among you, in the place which the LORD
thy God hath chosen to place his name there."
Deuteronomy 16:14 "And thou shalt rejoice in thy feast, thou,
and thy son, and thy daughter, and thy manservant, and thy maidservant, and
the Levite, the stranger, and the fatherless, and the widow, that are within
Nehemiah 5:1-12 "And there was a great cry of the people and of
their wives against their brethren the Jews. For there were that said, We, our
sons, and our daughters, are many: therefore we take up corn for them, that we
may eat, and live. Some also there were that said, We have mortgaged our
lands, vineyards, and houses, that we might buy corn, because of the dearth.
There were also that said, We have borrowed money for the king's tribute, and
that upon our lands and vineyards. Yet now our flesh is as the flesh of our
brethren, our children as their children: and, lo, we bring into bondage our
sons and our daughters to be servants, and some of our daughters are brought
unto bondage already: neither is it in our power to redeem them; for other men
have our lands and vineyards. And I was very angry when I heard their cry and
these words. Then I consulted with myself, and I rebuked the nobles, and the
rulers, and said unto them, Ye exact usury, every one of his brother. And I
set a great assembly against them. And I said unto them, We after our ability
have redeemed our brethren the Jews, which were sold unto the heathen; and
will ye even sell your brethren? or shall they be sold unto us? Then held they
their peace, and found nothing to answer. Also I said, It is not good that ye
do: ought ye not to walk in the fear of our God because of the reproach of the
heathen our enemies? I likewise, and my brethren, and my servants, might exact
of them money and corn: I pray you, let us leave off this usury. Restore, I
pray you, to them, even this day, their lands, their vineyards, their
oliveyards, and their houses, also the hundredth part of the money, and of the
corn, the wine, and the oil, that ye exact of them. Then said they, We will
restore them, and will require nothing of them; so will we do as thou sayest.
Then I called the priests, and took an oath of them, that they should do
according to this promise."
Job 31:13 "If I did despise the cause of my manservant or of my
maidservant, when they contended with me;"
Jeremiah 34:9 "That every man should let his manservant, and
every man his maidservant, being an Hebrew or an Hebrewess, go free; that none
should serve himself of them, to wit, of a Jew his brother."
Jeremiah 34:10 "Now when all the princes, and all the people,
which had entered into the covenant, heard that every one should let his
manservant, and every one his maidservant, go free, that none should serve
themselves of them any more, then they obeyed, and let them go"
Judges 9:18 "And ye are risen up against my father's house this
day, and have slain his sons, threescore and ten persons, upon one stone, and
have made Abimelech, the son of his maidservant, king over the men of Shechem,
because he is your brother;"