There seems to be as many ideas about the Sabbath as there
are days in the year. Hundreds of books and articles have been written
explaining man's opinion on the Sabbath. However, those who sincerely desire to
worship God "in spirit and in truth" know that there is only one book
that expresses God's thoughts on this subject. That book, which is the very word
of God, is called the Bible. It is to this source that we will go to find the
truth about God's Sabbath.
It is hoped by the writer that the construction of this
booklet will encourage people of various minds on this matter to sit and read
the Bible together and discuss God's word as He admonishes us to do.
God says, "Come now, and let us reason together, saith
the Lord..." (Isaiah 1: 18). We, therefore, encourage each reader to look
up the texts that are quoted herein and read them from their own Bible.
Sabbath Before Moses
Since the Sabbath is first mentioned in the creation account,
let us begin there. Immediately after the creation of man, the Bible record
"Thus the heavens and the earth were finished,
and all the host of them. And on the seventh day God ended His work which He had
made; and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had made. And
God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it He had rested
from all his work which God created and made' I (Genesis 2:1-3).
These words should prompt questions in our minds. Which day
was it that God rested? The clear answer from your Bible is the seventh day, the
day we call Saturday.
It was not because God became tired from all the work of
creation that He rested, for we find in the writings of Isaiah, the prophet,
"the Creator of the ends of the earth, fainteth not, neither is weary"
Since God does not grow weary, it is evident that He created
the Sabbath for the benefit of man. That is exactly what Jesus Christ said,
"The Sabbath was made for man..." (Mark 2:27). It is interesting how
so many people believe that God made the Sabbath holy only for the Jews when
Jesus said it was for man, without specifying any particular race or ethnic
The next question we could ask concerning the statement in
Genesis 2:3, is what does 44 sanctified" mean. The meaning of sanctified is
to be made holy or separated for a holy purpose. In other words, God separated
the seventh day from the other six days for a holy purpose.
It is evident from the preceding scripture that Adam did not
work seven days a week throughout the 930 years of his life. However, there are
some who will argue with this scripture and say that the Sabbath day was not
given until Moses received the Ten Commandments.
So, let's move on in the Bible to the place where these
commandants are first recorded by Moses. Exodus 20:8-11:
"Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days
shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: But the seventh day is the sabbath of
the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy
daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger
that is within thy gates: for in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the
sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD
blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it."
The careful reader will notice the wording of this
commandment begins with remember. What does the word remember imply
to you? The implication is that the Sabbath had been forgotten. A quick glance
through the first few chapters of the book of Exodus
will confirm that the people to whom the Lord was speaking
had been in slavery to the Egyptians. Furthermore, it will reveal that worship
to their God was at least limited, if not totally, prohibited.
Under such conditions, it is reasonable to understand how the
Sabbath had been ignored by these people and necessarily had to he reinstituted.
This seems much more reasonable than to say, as some do, that God is expecting
these people to recall something totally unknown to them.
From your reading of this commandment, what were the people
recalling to mind by observing the Sabbath? It is so clear from reading verse
11, that they were thereby commemorating the creation of the earth and all
The purpose of the fourth commandment was not only to give
them a day on which to rest, but to remind them of the creation. This is even
more clear when we read the 16th chapter of Exodus. These things occurred prior
to giving the Ten Commandments, and God here specifically had already reminded
them it was to be a day of rest in Exodus 16:23 saying, "To morrow is the
rest of the holy sabbath unto the Lord..." Again, He refers back to the
creation week, to the time He had made this day holy. They had no trouble
knowing when the seventh day was because God provided the manna during the
balance of the week, but not on the holy Sabbath day.
There can be no doubt that God showed Israel the proper
Sabbath day by raining a double portion of manna on their encampment on the
sixth day of the week and demanding that they not go out on the seventh day
because there would be none provided as it was to be their day of rest. Exodus
"See, for that the LORD hath given the sabbath,
therefore He giveth you on the sixth day the bread of two days; abide ye every
man in his place, let no man go out of his place on the seventh day."
Does the Sabbath commandment ever end for lsrael? We find
these words in Exodus 31:16-
"Wherefore the children of Israel shall keep the sabbath,
to observe the sabbath throughout their generations, for a perpetual covenant.
It is a sign between Me and the children of Israel for ever: for in six days the
LORD made heaven and earth, and on the seventh day He rested, and was
Just what do you think of when you hear the word
perpetual? The English word in this text is translated from the
Hebrew word olawm and could be literally translated time out of mind. In
other words, the speaker of these words (God) is saying the Sabbath is to last
beyond the time of man's mind to comprehend it. Truly everlasting! If our goal
is everlasting life, then our God pronounced duty is to observe the Sabbath just
One of the most often stated objections to the
Sabbath-keeper, usually said with sarcasm, is "Oh, you keep the Jewish
Sabbath." Since this is a prevalent misunderstanding, it should be
clearly noted that the Bible does not use the term Jewish Sabbath. However,
the Jews did observe God's Sabbath
Throughout the scriptures God continually refers to the
Sabbath as My Sabbaths, but never once as the Jewish Sabbath. An
excellent example of this is found in the 20th chapter of Ezekiel. Each reader
of this article is challenged to read through this portion of your Bible and
note no less than six times how God refers to the Sabbath as My Sabbath. You will
find the phrase in the following verses of Ezekiel, chapter 20 verses 12, 13,
16, 20, 21, and 24:
"Moreover also I gave them My sabbaths, to be a
sign between Me and them, that they might know that I am the LORD that sanctify
them. But the house of Israel rebelled against Me in the wilderness: they walked
not in My statutes, and they despised My judgments, which if a man do, he shall
even live in them; and My sabbaths they greatly polluted: then I said, I
would pour out My fury upon them in the wilderness, to consume them. But I
wrought for My name's sake, that it should not be polluted before the heathen,
in whose sight I brought them out.
Yet also 1 lifted up My hand unto them in the wilderness,
that I would not bring them into the land which I had given them, flowing with
milk and honey, which is the glory of all lands; Because they despised My
judgments and walked not in My statutes, but polluted My sabbaths: for
their heart went after their idols. Nevertheless Mine eye spared them from
destroying them, neither did I make an end of them in the wilderness. But I said
unto their children in the wilderness, Walk ye not in the statutes of your
fathers, neither observe their judgments, nor defile yourselves with their
idols: I am the LORD your God, walk in My statutes, and keep My judgments, and
do them; And hallow My sabbaths, and they shall be a sign between Me and
you, that ye may know that I am the LORD your God. Notwithstanding the children
rebelled against Me: they walked not in My statutes, neither kept My judgments
to do them, which if a man do, he shall even live in them, they polluted My
sabbaths: then I said, I would pour out My fury upon them, to accomplish My
anger against them in the wilderness. Nevertheless I withdrew Mine hand, and
wrought for My name's sake, that it should not be polluted in the sight of the
heathen, in whose sight I brought them forth. I lifted up Mine hand unto them
also in the wilderness, that I would scatter them among the heathen, and
disperse them through the countries; Because they had not executed My judgments,
but had despised My statutes, and had polluted My sabbaths, and their
eyes were after their fathers' idols" (Ezekiel 20:12-24).
Now please notice in verse 11 that it says, "And
I gave them My statutes, and shewed them My judgments, which if a man do, he
shall even live in them."
Notice it does not say a Jew, it says a man. More about the
Gentiles keeping the Sabbath will be addressed later.
Jesus Keeps The Commandments
At no time did Jesus ever break God's Ten Commandments or
encourage others to do so. On the contrary, He said, in Matthew 5:17-19:
"Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the
prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil. For verily I say unto you,
Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the
law, till all be fulfilled. Whosoever therefore shall break one of these least
commandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be called the least in the
kingdom of heaven: but whosoever shall do and teach them, the same shall be
called great in the kingdom of heaven."
How long does Jesus expect the laws of God to be taught and
obeyed? "Till heaven and earth pass..."
Jesus was accused by the Pharisees of violating the Sabbath
when He healed people on the Sabbath day, but it was the traditions of the
religious leaders of the day that He disagreed with. These traditions were the
Jewish interpretation. of the laws of God. Jesus rebuked them for such religious
"Why do ye also transgress the commandment of God by
your tradition? In vain they do worship Me, teaching for doctrines the
commandments of men" (Matthew 15:3,9).
We need to be sure today that we are not following the
traditions of men instead of the true commandments of God.
Did Jesus keep the Sabbath as a part of God's law? Yes, He
did! Luke 4:16:
"And He came to Nazareth, where He had been brought up:
and, as His custom was, He went into the synagogue on the sabbath day, and stood
up for to read."
The word custom in this verse means habit. It was Jesus'
habit to be in the place of worship on the Sabbath day. He did not change the
Sabbath during His lifetime, although He did disagree with the strict
Pharisaical traditions that made it a burden on God's people instead of a
blessing. His habit was to obey the laws of God.
Did The Early Church Observe The
Many Christians think that the apostles worshipped on the
first day of the week (Sunday) instead of the Sabbath. Even though the Bible
makes no such reference, it repeatedly shows they came together on the Sabbath
day the same as the Israelites did. The best history of the early church
immediately after Jesus' death confirms that the disciples continued to gather
for worship on the Sabbath day. Let's turn to that historical record in the book
of Acts in your Bible. Beginning in chapter 13, verses 14-16:
"But when they departed from Perga, they came to Antioch
in Pisidia, and went into the synagogue on the sabbath day, and sat down. And
after the reading of the law and the prophets the rulers of the synagogue sent
unto them, saying, Ye men and brethren, if ye have any word of exhortation for
the people, say on. Then Paul stood up, and beckoning with his hand said, Men of
Israel, and ye that fear God, give audience."
Here we find that the apostle Paul, on his first missionary
journey about 15 years after the death of Jesus, was teaching in the synagogue
on the Sabbath. Some may think he was only accommodating the Jews, but notice in
"And when the Jews were gone out of the synagogue, the
Gentiles besought that these words might be preached to them the next sabbath."
Both Jews and Gentiles were meeting for worship on the
Sabbath day. Verse 44 is the real clincher, however:
"And the next sabbath day came almost the whole city
together to hear the word of God."
If Sunday worship was a tradition of the apostolic Christian
church, why did not Paul invite these eager Gentiles to services the following
day, instead of making them wait until the next Sabbath as the text clearly
To prove this was not an isolated case, let's consider some
others. Continuing in Acts 16:13:
"And on the sabbath we went out of the city by a
river side, where prayer was wont to be made; and we sat down, and spake unto
the women which resorted thither."
If there was no synagogue present, it did not stop Paul from
Sabbath worship. Reading on, in verses 14 and 15:
"And a certain woman named Lydia, a seller of purple,
of the city of Thyatira, which worshipped God, heard us: whose heart
the Lord opened, that she attended unto the things which were spoken of Paul.
And when she was baptized, and her household, she besought us, saying, If ye have judged me to be faithful to the Lord, come into my
house, and abide there. And she constrained us."
We find people being converted and baptized without a word
about changing their day of worship. Again, in Acts 17:2:
"And Paul, as his manner was, went in unto them, and
three sabbath days reasoned with them out of the scriptures."
Aninteresting word in this verse is manner. In
the Greek text, this is the same word translated custom in Luke 4:16. Paul
followed the habit of his Savior in observing the Sabbath. It is implied here
that he did this on three consecutive Sabbaths. To further confirm this was a
continual occurrence for Paul, we will cite one more historical account. In Acts
18:4, it reads:
"And he reasoned in the synagogue every sabbath, and
persuaded the Jews and the Greeks."
Please notice carefully that Paul did this every Sabbath.
Now, moving on to verse 11 in the same chapter, we read:
"And he continued there a year and six months, teaching
the word of God among them."
A year and six months would amount to 78 weeks and we are
forced to admit, according to verse 4 which we have just read, it was every
This is a record of Paul's second missionary journey, about
49 or 50 A.D. Would it not be reasonable to assume that if the early church were
observing Sunday as a day of worship, Paul would have been more explicit about
it in his teachings? The Bible record seems to be quite clear as to his keeping
the Sabbath consistently.
Sabbath In The Last Days
Thus far, we have discussed and proven how the Sabbath was a
commandment of God and observed during the time from creation to the
establishment of the nation of Israel, from Moses' day through Christ's
ministry, and then in the apostolic church after the death of Christ. But, what
does the Bible say about you and me keeping the Sabbath in these last days
before His return?
In the 24th chapter of Matthew, we have Jesus' very own words
prophesying conditions just before Elis return to the earth. Matthew 24:3:
"And as He sat upon the mount of Olives, the disciples
came unto Him privately, saying, Tell us, when shall these things be? and what
shall be the sign of Thy coming, and of the end of the world?"
Among other things, He says, Matthew 24:20:
"But pray ye that your flight be not in the winter,
neither on the sabbath day."
Why would Jesus be concerned with the Sabbath day if it had
been abolished? The obvious truth is that He wouldn't have mentioned it as being
relative unless it would be relative during that future time period. Some will
say this verse only applies to the fall of Jerusalem in 70 A.D. But even then
the Sabbath would be kept long after Jesus' death.
During The One Thousand Year Reign of Christ
The prophet Isaiah describes the coming of the Lord in these
words. Isaiah 66:15-18:
"For, behold, the LORD will come with fire, and with His
chariots like a whirlwind, to render His anger with fury, and His rebuke with
flames of fire. For by fire and by His sword will the LORD plead with all flesh:
and the slain of the LORD shall be many. They that sanctify themselves, and
purify themselves in the gardens behind one tree in the midst, eating swine's
flesh, and the abomination, and the mouse, shall be consumed together, saith the
LORD. For I know their works and their thoughts: it shall come, that I will
gather all nations and tongues, and they shall come, and see My glory."
Notice these verses are talking about the Lord pleading with
all flesh (verse 16) and gathering all nations and tongues (verse 18). This has
never happened in human history; it is prophecy of a glorious future when Christ
returns to rule the nations.
Verses 22 and 23 speak of the new heavens and the new earth:
"For as the new heavens and the new earth, which I will
make, shall remain before Me, saith the LORD, so shall your seed and your name
remain. And it shall come to pass, that from one new moon to another, and from
one sabbath to another, shall all flesh come to worship before Me, saith the
All flesh will worship the Lord from one Sabbath to another.
The simple truth is clear to those who wish to obey and let Him be the Lord of
The biggest problem today among Christians is that they want
God to agree with their denominational teachings. When His word teaches contrary
to what we have been taught, we need to weigh the evidence and follow John's
advice in I John 2:2-4:
"And He is the propitiation for our sins: and not for
ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world. And hereby we do know that
we know Him, if we keep His commandments. He that saith, I know Him, and keepeth
not His commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in him."
We who abide in Him are to "walk even as He
The Sabbath has been kept by God's people from creation
onward, and was codified in the Ten Commandments. It was kept by Jesus, also by
the apostolic church, and is to be kept in these last days before Jesus' return
and will be kept during the millennium. Israel was promised blessings for
obedience toward God's Sabbath. Isaiah 56:2-7:
"Blessed is the man that doeth this, and the son of man
that layeth hold on it: that keepeth the sabbath from polluting it, and keepeth
his hand from doing any evil. Neither let the son of the stranger, that hath
joined himself to the LORD, speak, saying, The LORD hath utterly separated me
from his people: neither let the eunuch say, Behold, I am a dry tree. For thus
saith the LORD unto the eunuchs that keep My sabbaths, and choose the
things that please Me, and take hold of My covenant; Even unto them will I give
in Mine house and within My walls a place and a name better than of sons and of
daughters: I will give them an everlasting name, that shall not be cut off. Also
the sons of the stranger, that join themselves to the LORD, to serve Him, and to
love the name of the LORD, to be His servants, every one that keepeth the
sabbath from polluting it, and taketh hold of My covenant; Even them will I
bring to My holy mountain, and make themjoyful in My house of prayer: their
burnt offerings and their sacrifices shall be accepted upon Mine altar; for Mine
house shall be called an house of prayer for all people."
We, too, may be blessed of God if we follow Jesus exhortation
in Matthew 4:4, to "live ... by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth
of God." May God bless you in your effort to understand His will for His